4 June 2014

This step by step guide shows how to install Arch Linux from USB flash drive or cd. In my opinion the beginner tutorial from Arch wiki is too complicated for beginners. This is made simple and very practical, with some basic knowledge about partitions and Linux you should have no problems.

Create Arch USB flash drive:

Download Arch Linux latest dual iso from https://archlinux.org/download/.

Run this command to write the iso to your USB flash drive. Make sure /dev/sdb is your usb, this can be dangerous, you might overwrite some other disks. You can use gparted to find your usb and also delete any partitions beforehand.
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  1. sudo dd bs=4M if=~/Downloads/archlinux-2022.06.01-x86_64.iso of=/dev/sdb && sync
Programming Language: Bash

Install the base environment

Follow the official guide on how to install arch through command line.
Or follow my short installation guide (I suggest to use both, if you are a first timer):
  • Start Arch from USB to install it.
  • Pick 64 bit (x86_64) or 32 bit (i686) when you have old dual iso instead of x86_64.
Make sure you have internet connection by running ping (optional).
Set up your partitions:If you have a single drive, the process is simple and straightforward. If you have any trouble you can use testdisk utility.
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  1. # Your drive is probably /dev/sda or /dev/nvme0n1.
  2. sgdisk --zap-all /dev/sda
  3. cgdisk /dev/sda
  4. # NB: Create partitions based on the table below!
  5. # "Write" to apply the changes to disk.
  6. # "Quit".
Programming Language: Bash
Mount point Partition Partition type Suggested size
/mnt/boot /dev/efi_system_partition EFI system partition At least 300 MiB
SWAP (Optional) /dev/swap_partition Linux swap More than 512 MiB
/mnt /dev/root_partition Linux x86-64 root (/) Remainder of the device
Create filesystems (Don't know if needed any more):
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  1. # Single-partition setup:
  2. mkfs.ext4 /dev/root_partition
  3. mkswap /dev/swap_partition
  4. mkfs.fat -F 32 /dev/efi_system_partition
Programming Language: Bash
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  1. # Single-partition setup:
  2. mount /dev/root_partition
  3. mount --mkdir /dev/efi_system_partition /mnt/boot
  4. swapon /dev/swap_partition
Programming Language: Bash
Connect to internet:
  • Ethernet—plug in the cable.
  • Wi-Fi—authenticate to the wireless network using iwctl.
  • Mobile broadband modem—connect to the mobile network with the mmcli utility.
Install the base system:
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  1. pacstrap /mnt base linux linux-firmware
Programming Language: Bash
Generate an fstab:
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  1. genfstab -U /mnt >> /mnt/etc/fstab
Programming Language: Bash
Next, chroot into your newly installed system:
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  1. arch-chroot /mnt
Programming Language: Bash
Set the time zone:
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  1. ln -sf /usr/share/zoneinfo/Region/City /etc/localtime
Programming Language: Bash
Run hwclock(8) to generate /etc/adjtime:
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  1. hwclock --systohc
Programming Language: Bash
Create an initial ramdisk environment:
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  1. mkinitcpio -P
Programming Language: Bash
Set the root password with:
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  1. passwd
Programming Language: Bash
Install the bootloader and GRUB:
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  1. pacman -S grub efibootmgr
  2. grub-install --target=x86_64-efi --efi-directory=/boot --bootloader-id=GRUB
  3. grub-mkconfig -o /boot/grub/grub.cfg
Programming Language: Bash
Unmount the partitions and reboot:
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  1. exit
  2. reboot
Programming Language: Bash

Enable bash autocomplete (Recommended):

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  1. pacman -S bash-completion
Programming Language: Bash

Enable internet (Recommended):

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  1. ip link
  2. ip link set up dev enp2s0
  3. systemctl enable dhcpcd
  4. systemctl start dhcpcd
  5. systemctl enable NetworkManager
  6. systemctl start NetworkManager
Programming Language: Bash

Choose your drivers (Recommended):

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  1. # Detect your videocard.
  2. lspci -v | grep -A1 -e VGA -e 3D
  4. # Nvidia - first search and then install the corresponding one
  5. pacman -Ss nvidia
  6. pacman -S nvidia
  8. # Intel
  9. pacman -S xf86-video-intel
  11. # Radeon
  12. pacman -S xf86-video-ati
Programming Language: Bash
Create user (Recommended):
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  1. pacman -S sudo
  2. useradd -m -g users -G wheel -s /bin/bash USERNAME
  3. passwd USERNAME
  5. # If you wish to use sudo command:
  6. visudo
  7. # Uncomment "%wheel ALL=(ALL) ALL", if you wish to be added to sudoers since you have been added to group wheel.
Programming Language: Bash

Locale (Recommended):

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  1. nano /etc/locale.gen
  2. # Uncomment: en_US.UTF-8 UTF-8
  4. locale-gen
  6. echo LANG=en_US.UTF-8 > /etc/locale.conf
Programming Language: Bash

Set repositories (Recommended):

Final step would be to install yaourt and use it instead of pacman. It includes pacman + user repositories. You will be amazed what you can get from Arch User Repositories (AUR). Also enable multilib so you can download programs like skype or wine that require 32bit packages if you are using 64bit version.
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  1. # 1. Open repositories configuration.
  2. nano /etc/pacman.conf
  4. # 2. Uncomment both two lines of the [multilib] section for 32-bit packages.
  6. # 4. Refresh repositories.
  7. pacman -Syu
  9. # 5. Install yay package manager for AUR package management.
  10. pacman -S git base-devel
  11. git clone https://aur.archlinux.org/yay.git
  12. cd yay
  13. makepkg -si
Programming Language: Bash

Pick your favourite desktop environment: (Optional):